Case studies in divisive operations
This page contains links to instances of divisive operations, to provide descriptions of how they actually worked (or failed to work).
Trust Operation (False anti-Bolshevik movement to lure opponents, including sleeper cells and exiles, in order to wipe them out, 1921-27)
Bailey, Geoffrey [Pseud.], The Conspirators (New York: Harper, 1960. London: Gollancz, 1961). This book is under-appreciated and is often available very cheaply from online booksellers.
“Trust Operation,” Wikipedia entry. CAUTION: Wikipedia is good for initial research and hunting for clues, but is very uneven and easy to manipulate, and is therefore generally unreliable as a solid source. However, Wikipedia does contain a significant amount of excellent research. In this particular case, the page on the Trust Operation was a good and reliable summary as of 2 October 2012. British spy Sidney Reilly (pictured), a native of Ukraine, was active in the anti-Bolshevik campaign and fled to Britain. The Bolsheviks lured him back through the Trust Operation and murdered him. Reilly became Ian Fleming’s inspiration for the character of James Bond.
Communist International (Comintern, 1919-1943)
Comintern, “Guidelines on the Organizational Structure of Communist Parties, on the Methods and Content of their Work,” Third Congress of the Comintern, 1921. Pay particular attention to Part IV, “On Propaganda and Agitation.” The Comintern, or Communist International, was a Soviet-controlled international network of Communist Parties. Divisive operations were a trademark of Comintern operations.
The US strategy to take down the Soviet Union (1983-1988)
Norman A. Bailey, The Strategic Plan that Won the Cold War: National Security Decision Directive 75 (McLean, Virginia: Potomac Foundation, 1998). The author, Norman Bailey, was director of economic warfare policy on the White House National Security Council staff, and was one of the principal architects of President Ronald Reagan’s plan to dismantle the Soviet Union. Download: Bailey Strategic Plan
James Bruce, Dimensions of Civil Unrest in the Soviet Union (Washington: National Intelligence Council, 1983). This is a declassified intelligence analytical product to determine the prospects for running divisive operations against the Soviet Union, during peacetime, to win the Cold War by inducing the USSR to collapse. The document became a crucial analytical product to assist the US leadership in developing a divisive strategy to take down the Soviet Union without going to war. The document helped develop the policy described above by Norman A. Bailey in his monograph, The Strategic Plan that Won the Cold War: National Security Decision Directive 75. Download: Dimensions of Civil Unrest in Soviet Union